SACS Library


Exposition Text Type

 

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Exposition

Purpose An exposition attempts to persuade the reader to believe something by presenting one side of the argument.

Structure The three parts of an exposition are:

·          An introductory statement presents the writer’s point of view and previews the arguments to be presented.

·          A series of arguments that aim to persuade the reader – new paragraph for each new argument. A topic sentence introduces the new argument.

·          A conclusion sums up arguments and reinforces writer’s point of view.

Examples: Ads, editorials, legal defense

 

Exposition Scaffold

Introductory statement /thesis – writer’s position/preview of arguments…………………………………...........

………………………………………………..........

Argument 1:…………………………………………...............

………………………………………………….......

Argument 2:……………………………………………............

……………………………………………...............

Argument 3:……………………………………………...........

……………………………………………..............

Recommendation/Reinforcement of thesis…………........................................................

…………………………………………..................

Language features of an exposition
Emotive words that show feelings and attitudes - 
Words that link cause and effect - otherwise, firstly, secondly, finally
You can use second person words like commands - 
Generalisations – broad statements to support ideas
Using arguments drawn from research, and statements of others to support the point/s
Cause and effect words – because, causes, stems from, consequently, leads to
Linking words - in addition, also, moreover, as well
Powerful descriptive words – sensational,

Examples of an exposition
Ads, editorials, legal defence
References:
Greef, C. (1995). Summary of school text types in science [Draft]. Disadvantaged Schools Program
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 1. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 2. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Literacy Committee, St Andrew’s Cathedral School