SACS Library


Narrative Text Type

 

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Narrative

Purpose A narrative serves to entertain or inform readers by telling them a story.

Structure A narrative has a number of parts:

·       Orientation – who, when, where

·          Complication – event that causes a complication; there may be more than one in a story. Descriptive words are used to give information about characters and events.

·          Evaluation – reaction by characters to the complication

·          Resolution – solution to the problem

Coda (optional) – lesson from the story

Narrative Scaffold

Orientation (who, when, where)……………………………………..

………………………………………………

Complication…………………………………………

Evaluation/reaction……………………………………

Complication…………………………………………

Evaluation/reaction………………………………

Complication/climax……………………………………

Evaluation/reaction……………………………………

Resolution……………………………………………

 

Language features of a narrative
Description of characters and places using:
-         Adjectives to describe nouns – heavy, frosty, transparent, grumpy
-         Adverbs – to describe verbs – quickly, secretly, quietly, energetically, suddenly
-         Similes – to compare one thing with another, using like or as … as – as bright as the moon, the kiss felt like a butterfly’s wings against her cheek
Time words – Once upon a time, long ago, then, last week
Verbs indicating actions in the story – hid, ate, ran, whispered, looked
Examples of an narrative
Fiction novels like adventure and fantasy, spoken and written stories
References:
Greef, C. (1995). Summary of school text types in science [Draft]. Disadvantaged Schools Program
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 1. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 2. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Literacy Committee, St Andrew’s Cathedral School