SACS Library


Procedure Text Type

 

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Procedure

Purpose A procedure is a factual piece of writing that instructs the reader how to do something.  

Structure The three parts of a procedure are:

·          A statement of goal which may be a title of an introductory paragraph

·          A list of materials needed for doing the procedure which may be a list or a paragraph

·          A sequence of steps in the order they need to be done which may use numbers. It uses words such as now, next and after this. Each step usually begins with a command such as add, stir or push.

 

Procedure Scaffold

Statement of goals/purpose…………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………. .

List of materials…………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………

Step 1…………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………. ......

Step 2…………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………....

Step 3………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………...

Step 4………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………..

(Personal statement/evaluation)…………………………………..

……………………………………………………………

 

Language features of a procedure
Technical language – natron, sarcophagus, microscope,
Verbs used as commands – boil, paint, add, place
Time and sequence words – firstly, next, finally
Adverbs – gently, gradually

Examples of a procedure
Recipes, sets of instructions
References:
Greef, C. (1995). Summary of school text types in science [Draft]. Disadvantaged Schools Program
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 1. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 2. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Literacy Committee, St Andrew’s Cathedral School