SACS Library


Report Text Type

 

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Information Report

  Purpose A report is essentially a description that classifies and describes things in general and specific terms.

Structure The three parts of a report are:

·          An introductory statement introducing the subject of the report. It can classify the thing being described, locate it in time and space and/or preview the rest of the description to follow.

·          A series of paragraphs which deal with different aspects of the description. Each paragraph begins with a  topic sentence which previews the information in the rest of the paragraph. These paragraphs build up a description of the subject.

·        A concluding paragraph (optional) summarises the information in the report.

Report Scaffold

  Introduction – identification/classification of subject…….............................
......................................................................

Description of part/aspect
......................................................................
......................................................................
Description of part/aspect
......................................................................
......................................................................
Description of part/aspect
......................................................................
......................................................................
Description of part/aspect
......................................................................
......................................................................
(Conclusion/Application)
.......................................................................
.......................................................................

 

Language features of a report
Technical generic terms relevant to the topic – evaporation, Conquistadors, skin, climate
Linking verbs – is, has, is made of, contains
Timeless present tense for science - holds,
Past tense for history – explored, resulted in,
Generalized terms – explorers, water, plants,
Long noun groups – a clear and obvious structure, the far reaching effects on indigenous culture
Examples of a report
Research assignments, articles on a topic, textbooks
References:
Greef, C. (1995). Summary of school text types in science [Draft]. Disadvantaged Schools Program
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 1. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1997). Text types in English 2. Macmillan: South Yarra.
Literacy Committee, St Andrew’s Cathedral School